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Identification of Rats and Mice In order to control rats and mice, one must first be able to identify the species and the degree of infestation. Two of the most common rodent species problematic for people in Austin and the Central Texas area are mice and rats. Common Rodents In East Texas. The three commensal rodents are the Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus), the roof or black rat (Rattus rattus), … There are many different species of mice in the United States. Adept climbers, Texas mice also scamper up trees in search of nuts and berries. When we think of rodents, we often think of mice and rats. From nose to tail, mice grow to between 6–8 inches in length while a rat can grow up to 18 inches. One example is the small New World monkey called the callitrichid. While there is a whole host of different kinds of rodents found here in the great state of Texas, today we are going to focus on some of the most common types, and the types that most often can become a problem in our yards, or worse, inside our homes. Among these are four rodents-the house mouse (Mus), two species of rats (Rattus), and the nutria or coypu (Myocastor). Cactus mice are small, between 18 and 40 g in weight. The cactus mouse (Peromyscus eremicus) is a species of rodents in the family Cricetidae. While squirrels, mice and rats might be the most commonly spotted rodents in Texas, there are many other species of rodents that call the Lone Star State home. Types Of Rodents Commonly Found In Texas. tions dedicated to individual species such as quail, turkey and deer, have funded thousands of wildlife projects throughout North America, demonstrating the mystique game animals have on people. Pocket mice belong to genus Chaetodipus, home to at least 38 species of mice. Found in various regions of the US, mainly Arizona, California and Nevada, these mice usually prefer desert environments where vegetation is sparse. Lifespan: Varies by species, the average is around 10-20 years in captivity. In fact, the group of mammals known as Rodentia make up the majority of mammal species. Porcupines, beavers, chipmunks, prairie dogs and gophers also roam the Texas landscape. The four most common mouse species found in the Western United States are the following: House Mouse; Deer Mouse (or field mouse) Western Harvest Mouse; White-Footed Mouse; If you see any type of mouse in your home or business, there is a good chance there are more to be found. Unlike house mice, which can bear up to 13 litters a year, Texas mice reproduce much slower. Rats and Mice — There are 40 to 50 species of rats and mice in Texas of varying characteristics, habitats and economic destructiveness. They have stiff fur, which can be grey, brown, yellow, or spotted with multiple colors. Diet: Insects, fruit, and sap. Knowing the difference between these two rodents is helpful. Aside from several native North American mammals mentioned above that have been introduced or reintroduced in Texas, a number of exotic species have been transported to the state by man, accidently or on purpose. Some monkey species are allowed as pets in Texas. Animals referenced in this pocket guide exist because their habitat exists in Texas. It can grow over nine inches and weigh up to 14 oz. Habitat is food, cover, water and space, all suitably arranged. Little is known about their breeding habits, but biologists estimate that the species produces one or two litters of about four youngsters a year. Search our in-depth invasives database for information about invasive plants, observations of invasive species reported by citizen scientists, or to map invasive species in Texas. But there are a lot of other rodents in the world. 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