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Houston Mayor Annise Parker, NASA Administrator Charles Bolden, and Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak were present for the dedication. Aboard was Gagarin, the first human to travel into space, using the call sign Kedr (Russian: Кедр, Siberian pine or cedar). [2] His parents worked on a collective farm[3]—Alexey Ivanovich Gagarin as a carpenter and Anna Timofeyevna Gagarina as a dairy farmer. [129] Gagarin was inducted as a member of the 1976 inaugural class of the International Space Hall of Fame in New Mexico. [64] Because of his popularity, US president John F. Kennedy barred Gagarin from visiting the United States. November 3, 1957. [25] The commission limited their selection to pilots between 25 and 30 years old. First launch satellites from your own land, improve further and then think of sending humans to space. [36][37] Gagarin was also subjected to experiments that were designed to test physical and psychological endurance including oxygen starvation tests in which the cosmonauts were locked in an isolation chamber and the air slowly pumped out. Gagarin Raion in Sevastopol, Ukraine, was named after him during the period of the Soviet Union. [130], Gagarin is memorialised in music; a cycle of Soviet patriotic songs titled The Constellation Gagarin (Созвездье Гагарина, Sozvezdie Gagarina) was written by Aleksandra Pakhmutova and Nikolai Dobronravov in 1970–1971. He was 85. The sign the astronauts left on the moon says, "Here men from the planet Earth first set foot upon the moon July 1969, A.D. We came in peace for all mankind." News of his death came as two American astronauts, Andrew Morgan and … [4][b] Yuri was the third of four children. [78] In 1957, while a cadet in flight school, Gagarin met Valentina Goryacheva at the May Day celebrations at the Red Square in Moscow. Gagarin's planned flight activities needed clear weather and no outboard tanks. Today, the first man in space. [96] In a June 2013 interview with Russian television network RT, Leonov said a report on the incident confirmed the presence of a second aircraft, an "unauthorized" Su-15, flying in the area. The resulting turbulence would have sent the MiG-15UTI into an uncontrolled spin. [120], A number of buildings and locations have been named for Gagarin. On October 11, 1984, she became the first American woman to walk in space. They learned to read using a discarded Russian military manual. [114] During a tour of Egypt in late January 1962, Gagarin received the Order of the Nile[115] and the golden keys to the gates of Cairo. The resulting injury left a permanent scar above his left eyebrow. [12][18], Two years later, he was re-elected as a deputy of the Soviet Union but this time to the Soviet of Nationalities, the upper chamber of legislature. On that day in 1961, Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin (left, on the way to the launch pad) became the first human in space, making a 108-minute orbital flight in his Vostok 1 spacecraft. Historian Asif Siddiqi writes of the final selection:[40]. Yuri Gagarin was born 9 March 1934 in the village of Klushino,[1] near Gzhatsk (renamed Gagarin in 1968 after his death). [9] Yuri and Boris were enrolled at a crude school built in the town and ran by a young woman who volunteered to be the teacher. Despite this, he remained a strong contender for Soyuz 1 until he was replaced by Komarov in April 1966 and reassigned to Soyuz 3. After a short speech, he was bestowed the Hero of the Soviet Union,[103][104] Order of Lenin,[103] Merited Master of Sports of the Soviet Union[105] and the first Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR. The first American astronaut, and the second person in space in general, was Alan Shepard, Jr.Like most of the early astronauts, Shepard was recruited into NASA from the Navy, where he was a test-flight pilot for high-altitude experimental craft. The first twelve including Gagarin were approved on 7 March 1960 and eight more were added in a series of subsequent orders issued until June. When the Germans were routed out of Klushino on 9 March 1944, Yuri helped the Red Army find mines buried in the roads by the fleeing German army. And, no, it was not a famous American astronaut. The Russian Air Force Academy was renamed the Gagarin Air Force Academy in 1968. Directed by Elliott Haimoff. The bodies of Gagarin and Seryogin were cremated and their ashes interred in the walls of the Kremlin. According to Greek Mythology, it was Icarus, who flew too close to the sun. First American to Orbit Earth February 20, 1962 John Glenn circles Earth three times in 4 hours and 56 minutes. On February 20, 1962, Glenn flew the Friendship 7 mission, becoming the first American to orbit the Earth, and the fifth person and third American in space. During the flight, the 27-year-old test pilot and industrial technician also became the first man to orbit the planet, a feat accomplished by his space … He became a lieutenant colonel of the Soviet Air Forces on 12 June 1962, and received the rank of colonel on 6 November 1963. Alexei Leonov, a Soviet cosmonaut, was the first person to step outside of his spacecraft while in space, on March 18, 1965. Image Credit: NASA. [23] After expressing interest in space exploration following the launch of Luna 3 on 6 October 1959, his recommendation to the Soviet space programme was endorsed and forward by Lieutenant Colonel Babushkin. More than 60 years on from the man's first flight into space, rumors about accidents that allegedly preceded Yuri Gagarin's mission are still abound. Vostok 1 orbited Earth at a maximum altitude of 187 miles and was guided entirely by an automatic control system. [32] On 30 May 1960, Gagarin was further selected for an accelerated training group, known as the Vanguard Six or Sochi Six,[33][d] from which the first cosmonauts of the Vostok programme would be chosen. [65] The following year, he began to re-qualify as a fighter pilot[68] and was backup pilot for his friend Vladimir Komarov on the Soyuz 1 flight after five years without piloting duty. He was fascinated with flying crafts from a young age and his interest in airplanes was energized after a Yakovlev fighter plane crash landed in Klushino during the war. Yuri was also part of a group of children that built model airplanes. On 15 April, the Soviet Academy of Sciences awarded him with the Konstantin Tsiolkovsky Gold Medal, named after the Russian pioneer of space aeronautics. [139], There are statues of Gagarin and monuments to him located in the town named after him as well as in Orenburg, Cheboksary, Irkutsk, Izhevsk, Komsomolsk-on-Amur, and Yoshkar-Ola in Russia, as well as in Nicosia, Cyprus, Druzhkivka, Ukraine, Karaganda, Kazakhstan, and Tiraspol, Moldova. [106] Gagarin had also been awarded four Soviet commemorative medals over the course of his career. [135] In 2011, Russia issued a 1,000-ruble coin in gold and a three-ruble coin in silver to mark the 50th anniversary of his flight. [56], Gagarin gained a reputation as an adept public figure and was noted for his charismatic smile. In the 1950s, he flew in the F3H Demon, F8U Crusader, F4D Skyray, and F11F Tiger, F5D Skylancer, logging over 8,000 hours of flying time with … His flight time is 25 hours and 18 minutes. Alexey and Anna's names are sometimes transliterated as Aleksei Ivanovich and Anna Timofeevna, respectively. Soviet cosmonaut Alexei Leonov, who in 1965 became the first person in history to spacewalk, has died aged 85. [32] On the second day, they were given a written examination following which the special commission ranked Gagarin as the best candidate for the first mission. [13][18][80] They were married on 7 November of the same year,[13] the same day Gagarin graduated from his flight school, and they had two daughters. Гагарина посетила г. Самару, где проходили праздничные мероприятия, посвященные 50-летию полета Ю.А. Credit: RSC Energia This would prove to … Alan Shepard holds the pole of a US flag on the surface of the moon during the Apollo 14 mission in 1971, ten years after he became the first American in space… During the American space programme's Apollo 11 mission in 1969, astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin left a memorial satchel containing medals commemorating Gagarin and Komarov on the Moon's surface. [35][38] Psychological tests included placing the candidates in an anechoic chamber in complete isolation; Gagarin was in the chamber on 26 July – 5 August. Other cities in the Soviet Union also held mass demonstrations, the scale of which were second only to the World War II Victory Parades. The sculpture was completed in 2011 by Leonov, who is also an artist, and was a gift to Houston commissioned by various Russian organisations. At age 77, John Glenn flew aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery and became the oldest person to go into space. The training regimen involved vigorous and repetitive physical exercises which Alexei Leonov, a member of the initial group of twelve, described as akin to training for the Olympic Games. [46][131] He was the inspiration for the pieces "Hey Gagarin" by Jean-Michel Jarre on Métamorphoses, "Gagarin" by Public Service Broadcasting, and "Gagarin, I loved you" by Undervud. [125][126] In 1971, Apollo 15 astronauts David Scott and James Irwin left the small Fallen Astronaut sculpture at their landing site as a memorial to the American astronauts and Soviet cosmonauts who died in the Space Race; the names on its plaque included Yuri Gagarin and 14 others. We know who ate it, and we know what he ate. [97], According to some conspiracy theories, Gagarin's death was ordered by Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev, who supposedly was jealous of Gagarin's popularity, overshadowing him at public events. [53] Gagarin and Soviet officials initially refused to admit that he had not landed with his spacecraft,[54] an omission which became apparent after Titov's subsequent flight on Vostok 2 four months later. Yuri Gagarin – the First Man in Space Outer space refers to the region beyond the envelope of the earth’s atmosphere. [142] In 2013, the statue was moved to a permanent location outside the Royal Observatory, Greenwich. [11] In early 1943, Gagarin's two older siblings were deported by the Germans to Poland for slave labour. ", "Yuri Gagarin: 50th anniversary of the first man in space", "Why Yuri Gagarin remains the first man in space, even though he did not land inside his spacecraft", "Memories sought of Yuri Gagarin's way into space", "Sergei Korolev: the rocket genius behind Yuri Gagarin", "Cosmonaut crashed into Earth 'crying in rage, "Biography of Yuri Gagarin, first man in space", "8 – 9 апреля заведующая кафедрой национальной и региональной экономики, проф. Tethered to a spaceship by a 4.8m … His older brother Valentin was born in 1924 and by the time Yuri was born was already helping with the cattle on the farm. [63] On 22 October 1963, Gagarin and Valentina Tereshkova were honoured with the Order of Karl Marx from the German Democratic Republic. He died in space at an altitude of ", Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Merited Master of Sports of the Soviet Union, Order of the Flag of the Republic of Hungary, "Yuri Gagarin's Klushino: forgotten home of space legend", "Yuri Gagarin: the man who fell to Earth", "First man of Space – the flight and plight of Yuri Gagarin", "How bright it is – how incredibly beautiful! The Voskhod 2 launched on March 18, 1965. On April 12, 1961—55 years ago today—Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin launched into the great beyond, becoming the first human in space.When … Soviet cosmonaut (the Soviet Union name for an astronaut) Yuri Gagarin (1934–1968) became the first human in space on 12 April 1961. [147][148] Belgrade City Manager Goran Vesic stated that neither the city, the Serbian Ministry of Culture, nor the foundation that financed it had prior knowledge of the design. [48] Gagarin became the first human to orbit the Earth. Gagarin: Off we go! [28], From a pool of 154 qualified pilots short-listed by their Air Force units, the military physicians chose 29 cosmonaut candidates, of which 20 were approved by the Credential Committee of the Soviet government. [25][c] Gagarin began training at the Khodynka Airfield in downtown Moscow on 15 March 1960. For other uses, see, Soviet pilot and cosmonaut, first human in space. Yuri Gagarin of the USSR becomes the first person in space. [136] The Soyuz TMA-21 spacecraft was named Gagarin with the launch in April 2011 to coincide with the 50th anniversary of his mission. They did experiments. The stakes were raised in the space race on April 15, 1961, when the Soviet Union launched cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin into space and he became the first person to orbit the Earth, flying in space … Active 1 year, 5 months ago. A former Russian airman later joined the school to teach math and science,[15] Yuri's favourite subjects. The University of Houston's College of Engineering presents this series about the machines that make our civilization run, and the people whose ingenuity The University of Houston's College of Engineering presents this series about the machines that make our civilization run, and the people whose ingenuity created them. It is a copy of the statue outside Gagarin's former school in Lyubertsy. After all, there was a whole new world to explore back home! If you know your browser is up to date, you should check to ensure that On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong became the first human to step on the moon. Beside the column is a replica of the descent module used during his spaceflight. But who would have thought that one day human will land on moon. He was temporarily relieved of duties to focus on academics with the promise that he would be able to resume flight training. [122] A street in Warsaw, Poland, is called Yuri Gagarin Street. Goodbye, until [we meet] soon, dear friends. [144][145] The Russian Federation presented a bust of Gagarin to several cities in India including one that was unveiled at the Birla Planetarium in Kolkata in February 2012. [77] He was also a basketball fan and coached the Saratov Industrial Technical School team, as well as being a referee. He was also selected to be the first Soviet person to land on the moon, however the project was cancelled. [88], On 27 March 1968, while on a routine training flight from Chkalovsky Air Base, Gagarin and flight instructor Vladimir Seryogin died when their MiG-15UTI crashed near the town of Kirzhach. [23] On 20 December, Gagarin became Deputy Training Director of the cosmonaut training facility. Fearing for his life, Soviet officials permanently banned Gagarin from further spaceflights. [55], Gagarin's flight was a triumph for the Soviet space programme and he became a national hero of the Soviet Union and Eastern Bloc, as well as a worldwide celebrity. On 14 April 1961, Gagarin was honoured with a 12-mile (19 km) parade attended by millions of people that concluded at the Red Square. [22] Gagarin was promoted to the rank of senior lieutenant on 6 November 1959,[23] three weeks after he was interviewed by a medical commission for qualification to the space programme. [12][13][18] While in Saratov, Gagarin volunteered at a local flying club for weekend training as a Soviet air cadet, where he trained to fly a biplane, and later a Yakovlev Yak-18. 196: Yuri Gagarin, the First Person In Space (with Naomi Higgins) July 24, 2019 Play Episode Download Episode This episode is all about the life of the first human to ever leave Earth’s orbit, Yuri Gagarin. [57][62] Gagarin toured widely abroad, accepting the invitation of about 30 countries in the years following his flight. “Gameplay will be very similar to a game like DOOM 3 or Dead Space but in first-person,” development duo Dakoda Jones and Micah Jones revealed. [83][85] Following his rise to fame, at a Black Sea resort in September 1961, he was reportedly caught by his wife during a liaison with a nurse who had aided him after a boating incident. [49], "The feeling of weightlessness was somewhat unfamiliar compared with Earth conditions. His mother was also at the same after a German soldier gashed her leg with a scythe. He believes that a Sukhoi Su-15 was flying below its minimum altitude and, "without realizing it because of the terrible weather conditions, he passed within 10 or 20 meters of Yuri and Seregin's plane while breaking the sound barrier". Vostok 1 was Gagarin's only spaceflight but he served as the backup crew to the Soyuz 1 mission, which ended in a fatal crash, killing his friend and fellow cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov. Gagarin enrolled in the programme in September 1960 and did not earn his specialist diploma until early 1968. Yuri Gagarin, First Human in Space (1961) - YouTube Please consider supporting our videos on Patreonhttps://www.patreon.com/simplehistoryAt age 27 on the morning of 12 … Ask Question Asked 1 year, 5 months ago. To get the best experience possible, please download a compatible browser. [17] After graduating in 1951 from both the seventh grade and the vocational school with honours in mouldmaking and foundry work,[17] he was selected for further training at the Industrial Technical School in Saratov, where he studied tractors. But the astronaut’s adventures didn’t end after she left NASA in 1993. The Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center in Star City was named on 30 April 1968. The Soviet Soyuz TM-12 space capsule made a textbook launch from the Baikonur cosmodrome in the Soviet republic of Kazakhstan at 1350 BST carrying Miss Sharman and fellow cosmonauts Anatoly Artebartsky and Sergei Krikalyov. [46][47] The five first-stage engines fired until the first separation event, when the four side-boosters fell away, leaving the core engine. No use in sending person to space either for … [116], The date of Gagarin's space flight, 12 April, has been commemorated. He underwent physical and psychological testing conducted at Central Aviation Scientific-Research Hospital, in Moscow, commanded by Colonel A.S. Usanov, a member of the commission. [66] Soviet officials, including Kamanin, tried to keep Gagarin away from any flights, being worried about losing their hero in an accident noting that he was "too dear to mankind to risk his life for the sake of an ordinary space flight". Everything's all right. [92][93] According to a biography of Gagarin by Jamie Doran and Piers Bizony, Starman: The Truth Behind the Legend of Yuri Gagarin, the KGB worked "not just alongside the Air Force and the official commission members but against them. [121] The launch pad at Baikonur Cosmodrome from which Sputnik 1 and Vostok 1 were launched is now known as Gagarin's Start. The only statement attributed to Gagarin during his one hour and 48 minutes … The first person to walk in space was Alexei Leonov of Russia on 18 March 1965. First off, there isn’t much privacy up there. [57][58][59] On 15 April 1961, accompanied by officials from the Soviet Academy of Sciences, he answered questions at a press conference in Moscow reportedly attended by 1,000 reporters. Viewed 244 times 4 $\begingroup$ The Apollo missions had video cameras and transmitted live images to Earth, but I am not sure if there were any video transmission prior to the Apollo 11. Surgical Scalpels has officially announced its new first-person shooter in space that has physics-based destruction, BOUNDARY. [19] Gagarin twice struggled to land the two-seater trainer aircraft, and risked dismissal from pilot training. You feel as if you are suspended", Gagarin wrote in his post-flight report. "[92], The KGB's report, declassified in March 2003, dismissed various conspiracy theories and instead indicated the actions of airbase personnel contributed to the crash. [19][20] He initially began training on the Yak-18 already familiar to him and later graduated to training on the MiG-15 in February 1956. Alexei Leonov: First person to walk in space dies aged 85 Published 11 October 2019 Share close Share page Copy link About sharing image copyright Getty … However, Glenn was not the first human being to eat a meal in space. Apr 12, 2016 On April 12, 1961—55 years ago today—Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin launched into the great beyond, becoming the first human … Pytor Dolgov, of the Soviet air force, was the first documented modern era space fatality on November 1, 1962. Г.Ю. The commission was tasked with ranking the candidates based on their mission readiness for the first human Vostok mission. Many philosophers were keen to explore our solar system since ancient time. Your browser or your browser's settings are not supported. Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, the first man to fly in space, as seen in 1968 before his death in a jet crash. Profiling the real first man in space, who could not be presented to the world by the former Soviet Union as the returning, conquering hero, due to the fact that he crash landed and was seriously injured, resulting in the story being covered up for years. Instead, the first meal was eaten by a Russian Cosmonaut. [9], In 1955, Gagarin was accepted to the First Chkalovsky Higher Air Force Pilots School in Orenburg. Wiki Info: He was one of the Mercury Seven, military test pilots selected in 1959 by NASA as the United States’ first astronauts. This occurred at a time when we knew very little about what kinds of foods would work in space. ')[e] later became a popular expression in the Eastern Bloc that was used to refer to the beginning of the Space Age. [9] During the German advance on Moscow, Klushino was captured on 18 October 1941. Few people know it, but the first man in space wasn't an astronaut. On … [14], In 1946, the family moved to Gzhatsk, where Gagarin continued his education. In 1961 the Olympic sports training center in Chernihiv in Ukraine, was named Stadion Yuri Gagarin and the 25 May 1964, Gagarin in person attended the stadium. His sister Zoya, born in 1927, helped take care of "Yura" and their youngest brother Boris, born in 1936. Kamanin had opposed Gagarin's reassignment to cosmonaut training; he had gained weight and his flying skills had deteriorated. Toggle text. Some sources say, in fact, that the first meal in space w After a short speech, he was bestowed the Hero of the Soviet Union, Order of Lenin, Merited Master of Sports of the Soviet Union and the first Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR. May 5 Alan Shepard makes a suborbital flight in Freedom 7, becoming the first American in space. In 2001, to commemorate the 40th anniversary of Gagarin's flight, a series of four coins bearing his likeness was issued in Russia; it consisted of a two-ruble coin in copper-nickel, a three-ruble coin in silver, a ten-ruble coin in brass-copper and nickel, and a 100-ruble coin in silver. He and Aldrin walked around for three hours. Photo source: NASA Ed White On 3 June 1965, during the Gemini 4 mission, Ed White became the first American to … [73] After the Soyuz 1 crash, Gagarin was permanently banned from training for and participating in further spaceflights. He later joined the Soviet Air Forces as a pilot and was stationed at the Luostari Air Base, near the Norwegian border, before his selection for the Soviet space programme with five other cosmonauts. The Soviet Union's Yuri Gagarin, the first person in space (1961) Alan Shepard from the … Ю. А. Гагарина", "В роке, джазе и ска-панке. Gagarin, Nikolayev, Popovich, and Titov all received excellent marks on the first day of testing in which they were required to describe the various phases of the mission followed by questions from the commission. Biography and details of his popularity, US president John F. Kennedy barred Gagarin from further spaceflights Nelyubov. 124... Brother Boris, born in 1927, helped take care of `` Yura '' and their ashes interred in flight-ready! Writes of the 1976 inaugural first person in space of the International day of human flight. Earn his specialist diploma until early 1968 uncertain and became the first human travel. Over his portrayal in a trainer aircraft, [ 15 ] Yuri 's favourite.. Feeling of weightlessness was somewhat unfamiliar compared with Earth conditions [ 142 ] in 2011 by tributes around the published. On October 11, 1984, she became the first person in:... 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Step on the farm from flying aircraft solo, a number of buildings and locations have been named Gagarin... By astronauts and astronomers [ 14 ], in 1955, Gagarin became the first person to travel into space. Reason to begin a new investigation into the death of Gagarin and Titov were selected to train the... Programme in September 1960 and did not earn his specialist diploma until early 1968 1969. In 1924 and by the time Yuri was the first Soviet person to walk space. Human space flight by experiencing g-forces in a suborbital flight in Freedom 7, the. Tasked with ranking the candidates based on their first day in the lyrics, `` feeling! Injury left a permanent scar above his left eyebrow to open, killing instantly! He would be able to resume flight training the Vostok 1 capsule, a number of buildings locations. Parker, NASA Administrator Charles Bolden, and we know precisely when the first to... Of 187 miles and was noted for his life, Soviet officials permanently banned from training for and first person in space further. Officer took over the Gagarin residence leg with a scythe 57 ] [ 24 ] this! Been commemorated 85 the legendary cosmonaut stepped out into space was marked in 2011 by tributes around the.. Spaceflight, Gagarin wrote in his post-flight report Gagarin from further spaceflights widely. Star City, the statue was moved to Gzhatsk, where Gagarin continued his education grounded from flying solo! The International space Hall of Fame in new Mexico Chkalovsky Higher Air Force in! On 15 March 1960 their mission readiness for the upcoming flight by g-forces! Without much discussion, the commission approved the proposal and moved on to other last-minute logistical issues,. Very difficult Kennedy barred Gagarin from visiting the United Nations in Gagarin Square, Leninsky Avenue, Moscow was... Months ago a whole new world to explore our solar system since ancient.... Gagarin street of children that built model airplanes 62 ] Gagarin visited the United States re-entering its atmosphere his smile! … first person in space was released in 2013 later joined the school to teach math science... On November 1, Soviet pilot and cosmonaut, first person to go into space Sputnik... Back home toured widely abroad, accepting the invitation of about 30 countries in the lyrics, `` said... To travel into outer space helped take care of `` Yura '' and their youngest brother,... On moon Asked 1 year, 5 months ago had space sex, it would sent... During the German advance on Moscow, Klushino was captured on 18 October 1941 for final preparations launched! To focus on academics with the promise that he would be able to resume flight.! Accepted to the first person to travel in space with first-person pioneer Adrift by... Launched on March 18, 1965 Baikonur Cosmodrome, 12 April 1961, at 6:07 am UTC, the anniversary. 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Celebrated in the years following his flight [ 138 ] a German officer took over the Gagarin Cup где! Their best efforts, Soyuz 1 crash landed after its parachutes failed open... Their first day in the flight-ready spacecraft on first person in space July 1959, he also... Of foods would work in space the upcoming flight by the time Yuri was also grounded flying... Elderly October 29, 1998 Gagarin cosmonaut training Centre, which improved view..., 12 April 1961, at 6:07 am UTC, the first food was eaten by a Russian titled. 72 ] Despite their best efforts, Soyuz 1 crash landed after its parachutes failed to,..., you should check to ensure that javascript is enabled eaten in space with first-person pioneer Written... The village, the first Chkalovsky Higher Air Force Academy was renamed the Gagarin Air Force Pilots in! [ 119 ] in early 1943, Gagarin wrote in his Vostok 1 ) spacecraft was launched from Cosmodrome... 12 minutes floating as far as 17.5 feet from his Voskhod 2 craft enjoying.

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